From international borders point of view, Gangtok has long been an important transit point for traders travelling between Tibet and India. Today it is a busy administrative and business centre. Being a home to various ethnic groups, Gangtok presents an interesting mix of cultures and communities. It is an important Buddhist Pilgrimage Centre. It gained religious significance among the Buddhists after the construction of the Enchey Monastery in the latter part of the 19th century.
The town of Gangtok provides the perfect base for travel through the state. To begin with we have the MG Marg, the main street of Gangtok town is a great place to chill out. This is country’s first litter and spit free zone, with no vehicular traffic is allowed into the marg. MG Marg is also the venue for the annual Gangtok Food and Culture festival held in December each year. Sikkim’s multi-cultural cuisine, along with music and dance performances is showcased during this time. This event attracts a large number of locals and tourists each year.
Gangtok is beautiful town and there could be no other way to witness the beauty of this place than by taking a rope way ride and getting an aerial view. The 7 minutes one way ride gives you a panoramic view of the Khangchendzonga range and the valley below. Gangtok is full of gompas, stupas, parks and gardens. Monasteries of this region attract tourists from all over the world. Rumtek Monastery is one of the best known monasteries. The Golden stupa located inside the monastery, encompassing the relics of the 16th Karmapa, enshrines the best in traditional Tibet monastic architecture. Enchey Monastery is an important seat of the Nyingmapa order. This 200 year old monastery has in its premises images of gods, goddesses and other religious objects. Enchey Monasteryhas had been built by Lama Druptob Karpo, a tantric master known for his power of flying. Perched near the palace of the former rulers, the Chogyals of Sikkim, Tsuklakhang (The Palace Monastery) gets its name because of its significant location. Built in traditional Sikkimese style, it is capital’s most accessible monastery and has interesting murals and images of the Buddhist pantheon.
Do-Drul Chorten is one of the most important stupa of Sikkim; it was built by Trulshi Rimpoche, head of the Nyingmapa order of Tibetan Buddhism in 1945. Inside the stupa, there are complete mandala sets of Dorjee Phurba (Bajra Kilaya), a set of Kan-gyur relics (holy books), Zung (mantras) and other religious objects. Around the chorten are the 108 Mani Lhakor (prayer wheels). These prayer wheels are turned by the devout Buddhist while chanting the 'Hail to the jewel in the Lotus' to invoke the Boddhisattava.
Dedicated to furthering Tibetan studies, Buddhist philosophy and religion is the Institute of Tibetology, a house of rare collection of 30,000 books, Tantric documents, rare manuscripts written in gold on the bark of a poisonous tree, antique thangkha and 200 icons, all prized objects of art for the Buddhist world. The institute attracts the scholars from all over the world.
Just below the Institute of Tibetology is a specialised garden, The Orchid Sanctuary. According to Government Department, there are over 200 species of temperate and intermediate type orchids. Such orchids are best seen during the blooming season extending from the months of April to May, July to August and October to November.
In the whole of Sikkim there is one Government Institute of Cottage Industries, also known as the Directorate of Handicrafts and Handlooms which produces crafts in authentic Sikkimese design. Hand woven Tibetan carpets sprout dragon in natural dyes, Sikkimese-style tables called Choktse are expertly carved and richly coloured in red and gold. Hand-made rice paper is also produced here. Children are taught the art of knitting, weaving, leather work, basket making, mask making and painting of religious and secular themes. Gangtok, a snow bedded haven holds numerous snow-clad attractions, Tashi view point is one among them. View of Mount Kanchanjunga and Siniolchu from this point at dawn is splendid. Tashi is one of the best places in entire Sikkim to enjoy the serenity of the heavens.